How Presidential Elections Affect the Stock Market: Insights and Historical Trends

A common question, especially during election years, is about the impact of presidential elections on the stock market. Today on  The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP® is addressing this question and looking back at historical data to identify trends and patterns to help you make informed investment decisions.

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Historical Insights from Presidential Elections 

When examining stock market behavior following presidential elections, it is clear that the market often reacts positively or remains muted in the months following an election. This trend can be attributed to the market’s aversion to uncertainty. The months leading up to an election are filled with speculation, posturing from candidates, and uncertainty about future policies. This uncertainty leads to market fluctuations. However, once the election results are in, the market finds some level of certainty, which often leads to stabilization and sometimes optimism about the future.

1944: Franklin D. Roosevelt

During Franklin D. Roosevelt’s election in 1944, the markets were mostly muted. This reaction was largely due to the ongoing World War II, which overshadowed electoral impacts.

1948: Harry Truman

In 1948, the markets were initially negative due to the unexpected victory of Harry Truman. However, they quickly turned positive and stabilized.

1952 and 1956: Dwight D. Eisenhower

When Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected in 1952 and re-elected in 1956, the markets responded positively, reflecting optimism in his leadership and policies.

1960: John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy’s election in 1960 initially caused some market concerns, but these soon gave way to positive movement as his policies became clearer.

1964: Lyndon B. Johnson

The market reacted positively to Lyndon B. Johnson’s election in 1964, continuing the trend of post-election optimism.

1968 and 1972: Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon’s elections in 1968 and 1972 saw mixed stock market reactions. In 1968, the uncertainty of the socio-economic environment led to muted responses. In 1972, the markets responded positively, but this was soon overshadowed by the oil crisis.

1976: Jimmy Carter

The election of Jimmy Carter in 1976 was met with uncertainty and mixed market reactions.

1980 and 1984: Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan’s elections in 1980 and 1984 brought market gains due to anticipated tax cuts and economic optimism.

1988: George H. W. Bush

The markets reacted positively to George H. W. Bush’s election in 1988, continuing the trend of optimism with new leadership.

1992 and 1996: Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton’s elections in 1992 and 1996 both resulted in positive market movements, reflecting confidence in his economic policies.

2000 and 2004: George W. Bush

George W. Bush’s election in 2000 initially saw stock market declines due to the dot-com bubble burst. However, his re-election in 2004 saw market gains as confidence was restored.

2008 and 2012: Barack Obama

Barack Obama’s election in 2008 led to market declines, largely due to the ongoing financial crisis. However, his re-election in 2012 saw positive market reactions as the economy began to recover.

2016: Donald Trump

The 2016 election of Donald Trump initially caused market drops, but these quickly turned into rallies as his policies were anticipated to be pro-business.

2020: Joe Biden

Joe Biden’s election in 2020 saw the markets move up as well. This positive reaction was part of a broader trend where the markets tend to stabilize and sometimes rally after the uncertainty of an election is resolved.

Economic Context Over Candidate

What becomes apparent from these historical trends is that the underlying economic conditions during an election year often outweigh the individual characteristics or promises of the candidates. For example, the market’s response to Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II was more about the global conflict than his re-election. Similarly, the dot-com bubble had a more significant impact on the markets during George W. Bush’s first election than his actual policies.

Short-Term vs. Long-Term Market Movements

While short-term market movements are influenced by the election results, long-term trends are dictated by broader economic conditions. In the short term, the market tends to settle once election uncertainty is resolved. However, for long-term investors, it’s essential to focus on the overall economic health and underlying trends rather than the immediate aftermath of an election.

What This Means for Investors

As an investor, it’s crucial to maintain a long-term perspective. Short-term fluctuations around election times are normal, but they shouldn’t drive your investment strategy. Instead, focus on the fundamentals of your portfolio and the broader economic trends. It’s also beneficial to seek professional guidance with a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ to navigate these uncertain times and align your investment strategy with your long-term financial goals.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, while presidential elections can create short-term stock market volatility, history shows us that markets tend to stabilize and often move positively once the uncertainty is resolved. The key takeaway for investors is to maintain a long-term perspective and focus on the underlying economic trends rather than short-term political changes.

If you want personalized guidance, Bonfire Financial is here to help you navigate these times and ensure your financial plan is robust and aligned with your goals.

Book a free consultation call with us today! 

Real Estate Investing: Fees, Cash Flow, and Risks

Today we are diving deeper into alternative investments and looking at real estate investing.  In the latest episode of The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP® is covering crucial aspects of investing in real estate. From understanding who truly benefits from these investments to evaluating fees, cash flow, and risks. You’ll learn about different real estate investment options, including REITs, personal property investments, and limited partnerships.

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Understanding Fees and Performance

In real estate investments, fees are an integral aspect that can significantly impact the overall returns. These fees can include management fees, acquisition fees, performance fees, and more. Management fees are charged by the investment managers for overseeing the property or portfolio. This is typically expressed as a percentage of the assets under management. Acquisition fees are one-time charges incurred when purchasing a property, covering costs related to sourcing and acquiring the asset. Performance fees, also known as carried interest, are contingent on the investment achieving certain performance benchmarks and are often a percentage of the profits generated.

It’s essential to consider these fees in the context of the expected returns. High fees might be justifiable if the investment consistently delivers superior performance. However, in scenarios where returns are mediocre or negative, these fees can erode the investment’s value significantly. Therefore, understanding and scrutinizing these fees is crucial to ensure that the investment is structured in a way that aligns the interests of both the investor and the investment manager.

Cash Flow vs. Capital Appreciation

When investing in real estate, it’s important to differentiate between cash flow and capital appreciation. Cash flow refers to the income generated by the property, such as rental income, which provides a steady stream of revenue from day one. This approach is favored for its ability to produce consistent returns regardless of market fluctuations, making it a more stable and predictable investment. On the other hand, capital appreciation focuses on the increase in the property’s value over time. Investors who pursue this strategy often look for properties that can be improved or are in areas poised for growth, aiming to sell at a higher price in the future. While capital appreciation can offer significant returns, it also comes with higher risks and uncertainties.

For many investors, especially those seeking immediate and reliable income, prioritizing cash flow can be a safer and more pragmatic approach. Ultimately, the choice between cash flow and capital appreciation depends on the investor’s financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) offer a convenient way to invest in real estate without the need for direct property ownership. REITs are companies that own, operate, or finance income-generating real estate across various sectors, such as commercial, residential, and industrial properties. They are publicly traded on major stock exchanges, making them easily accessible to investors.

While REITs can provide diversification and liquidity, approach them with caution. One primary concern is that the management of REITs can become overly focused on growth. This sometimes at the expense of property maintenance and occupancy rates. This can lead to situations where the managers benefit from substantial fees, while the investors face diminished returns due to vacant or underperforming properties.

Although REITs can play a role in a diversified investment portfolio, it’s crucial to thoroughly research and select REITs with a track record of strong management and solid property performance.

Direct Real Estate Investment

Direct real estate investment involves purchasing and owning property outright, giving you full control over the asset. This method is appealing for several reasons. First, it allows for direct oversight of the property. This enables investors to make strategic decisions regarding maintenance, improvements, and tenant management. Direct ownership can also offer significant tax benefits, such as depreciation deductions and mortgage interest write-offs. Moreover, by eliminating intermediaries, investors can potentially achieve higher returns since they are not paying management fees to an external entity.

However, direct real estate investment requires substantial capital and a commitment to actively managing the property. This includes handling tenant relations, maintenance issues, and ensuring the property remains profitable. Investors must also prepare for market fluctuations and the potential for periods of vacancy.

Despite these challenges, for those willing to invest the time and resources, direct real estate ownership can be a highly rewarding venture, providing both steady cash flow and the potential for significant appreciation over time.

Limited Partnerships (LPs)

Limited Partnerships (LPs) offer another attractive avenue for real estate investing, particularly for those who prefer a more hands-off approach. In an LP structure, there are general partners (GPs) who manage the investment and limited partners (LPs) who provide the capital. This setup lets investors benefit from the expertise and management skills of the GPs without involving them in the day-to-day operations of the property.

One of the key advantages of LPs is the ability to participate in large-scale real estate projects that might be beyond the reach of individual investors. Additionally, LPs often provide regular income distributions from the property’s cash flow, making them appealing for those seeking steady returns.

However, investing in LPs requires thorough due diligence. It’s essential to understand the GPs’ track record. Look at the specific properties being invested in, the exit strategy, and the liquidity terms. Investors should be aware that their capital may be tied up for several years, depending on the partnership agreement. LPs can be a valuable part of a diversified investment portfolio. They offer the potential for both income and appreciation with less direct involvement than owning and managing property outright.

The Importance of Due Diligence

Real estate investing is a compelling alternative investment, primarily due to its ability to generate cash flow. When a property consistently cash flows, the underlying market value becomes less of a concern. The investment remains profitable regardless of market fluctuations or interest rate changes. As long as tenants continue to pay, the investment can perform well, making real estate a non-correlated asset to traditional markets.

Despite some arguments about real estate’s correlation to market downturns, such as in 2008, its correlation is generally lower than many other investments. Real estate can be a valuable addition to any portfolio, depending on your current financial situation, risk tolerance, and the effort you’re willing to put into managing the investment. Whether you choose to own and manage the property yourself or invest through partnerships, due diligence and understanding your risk tolerance are paramount.

Final Thoughts

Real estate offers various investment opportunities, each with its own set of benefits and challenges. Whether through REITs, direct ownership, or limited partnerships, it’s essential to align your investment strategy with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

At Bonfire Financial, we’re here to guide you through these decisions. We will help you navigate from point A to point B with confidence. If you’d like to explore real estate investments further or need assistance with your financial planning, please reach out to us! We’re here to help you every step of the way.

Schedule a call with us today!  Book here now! 

Collectibles as an Investment: Where Fun Meets Finance

Unlike other alternative investments, collectibles as an investment offer a unique blend of financial potential and personal passion. Whether you’re drawn to classic cars, fine wines, rare art, or vintage baseball cards, the process of investing in collectibles is as much about the joy of discovery and appreciation as it is about the financial returns. Brian Colvert, CFP® explores why this often-overlooked area of investing can be both rewarding and enjoyable on the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast.

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The World of Collectibles

Collectibles can range from classic cars to fine wines, from rare art to baseball cards. Remember the Beanie Baby craze? Almost anything can become a collectible if it has the potential to appreciate in value. The key is to recognize what will be worth more in the future. This takes not only knowledge but also a genuine passion for the items you are investing in.

The Dual Investment: Money and Time

Investing in collectibles involves much more than simply purchasing items. It requires extensive research into the industry, the specific products, and the nuances that affect their value. Understanding why a particular item might appreciate or depreciate, identifying its rarity, and distinguishing the subtle differences that make one item more valuable than another are all part of the due diligence process.

Why Passion Matters

To successfully invest in collectibles, you must dive deep into the industry. For example, let’s take collectible cars. If you think you’re going to collect Toyota Priuses and they’re going to appreciate in value, we all can agree that’s probably not going to happen. Those will probably depreciate like most cars do.

Versus if you had bought a McLaren P1 a few years ago when it first came out, it was roughly around a million dollars, and today the market value is roughly around two to two and a half million. So, that car is appreciating and getting more valuable as time goes on. Understanding the factors that contribute to such appreciation is essential.

The Nuances of Value

Why does a specific car, wine, watch, or painting by a particular artist increase in value? Several factors come into play: limited production numbers, unique manufacturing processes, or exclusivity through special clubs or memberships. These nuances are what make collectibles intriguing and why passion is necessary. Without a deep interest, the research required can be overwhelming.

Emotions vs. Investment

When investing in collectibles, it’s important to set aside personal preferences. Whether you enjoy looking at a piece of art, driving a classic car, or drinking fine wine, these emotions should not influence your investment decisions. Instead, focus on how the item was made, market trends, and future demand. Conducting thorough due diligence is critical.

The Risks and Rewards

Investing in collectibles can be challenging and volatile. The market for these items can fluctuate significantly, and there is always a risk involved, especially with high-value purchases. That’s why having a genuine passion for the collectible is essential. It drives the willingness to learn and understand the market, increasing the likelihood of making informed and successful investments.

A Balanced Approach

While collectibles can be a fun addition to any portfolio, they should only make up a small portion. Diversification is key to managing risk, and putting too much money into collectibles can be risky. However, with the right approach, it’s possible to enjoy the process and potentially see financial gains.

Taxation of Collectibles

When it comes to taxes, collectibles are subject to a different set of rules compared to stocks and bonds. The IRS categorizes collectibles as capital assets, which means they are subject to capital gains tax when sold for a profit. The long-term capital gains tax rate for collectibles is capped at 28%, which is higher than the 20% maximum rate for other long-term capital gains. If you hold a collectible for less than a year before selling it, the gain is considered short-term and is taxed at your ordinary income tax rate.

Here are a few key points to keep in mind:

Basis and Gain Calculation: Your gain or loss on a collectible is the difference between your selling price and your basis (usually the purchase price plus any costs associated with acquiring the item).
Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of your purchases, including receipts, to accurately report your basis.

Charitable Donations: If you donate a collectible to a qualified charity, you can generally deduct the fair market value of the item, provided you’ve held it for more than a year.

Insuring Your Collectibles

Proper insurance is crucial to protect the value of your collectibles. Standard homeowners’ insurance policies typically provide limited coverage for collectibles, often capping at a specific amount that may not cover the full value of your collection. Therefore, specialized insurance policies or riders specifically tailored to collectibles are advisable.

Here’s what you should consider:

Appraisal: Get a professional appraisal to determine the current market value of your items. This ensures that you have the proper coverage amount.

Documentation: Keep detailed records of each item in your collection, including photographs, receipts, and certificates of authenticity.

Coverage Types: Look for policies that offer comprehensive coverage, including protection against theft, loss, and damage.

Regular Updates: Regularly update your policy to reflect any changes in the value of your collection. Collectibles can fluctuate in value, and an outdated policy might not provide adequate coverage.

In Conclusion

Investing in collectibles can be both enjoyable and profitable if approached with the right mindset and preparation. It requires a combination of passion, knowledge, and careful research. While it’s important not to over-invest in any one collectible, incorporating them as a small part of your portfolio can add a fun and potentially rewarding dimension to your investment strategy.

Our Role in Your Collectible Investments

At Bonfire, we acknowledge the unique value of collectibles, even if we don’t specialize in this area. We can help you assess your overall portfolio to ensure it is balanced and not overly concentrated in any one type of collectible. We are also eager to learn about different collectible markets and how they might fit into your investment strategy.

Book a free consultation call with us today! 

Enjoy your journey in the world of collectibles, and remember, we are here to help you ensure your overall investment strategy is sound. Happy collecting, and we look forward to hearing about your unique passions!

Alternative Investments: Beyond Stocks and Bonds

Exploring Alternative Investments

Investing offers a wide range of options to cater to different financial goals and risk tolerances. While traditional investments like stocks, bonds, and cash are well-known, alternative investments often remain less understood. On the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP® explores alternative investments, their benefits, challenges, and the essential steps to navigate them successfully.

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What Are Alternative Investments?

Alternative investments include asset classes that differ from traditional investments such as stocks, bonds, and cash. These can be real estate, commodities, private equity, hedge funds, collectibles, cryptocurrency, and venture capital. Unlike traditional investments, alternatives usually require a longer-term commitment and are less liquid, meaning they cannot be easily converted to cash.

Real Estate: A Tangible Alternative

Real estate is one of the most straightforward and accessible forms of alternative investments. When you invest in real estate, you purchase physical property, whether residential, commercial, or industrial. Selling real estate is not as quick or easy as selling stocks or bonds. It involves finding a buyer, negotiating terms, and completing legal and financial paperwork.

Investing in real estate can provide a steady income stream through rental income and potential appreciation in property value. However, it also comes with challenges such as property management, maintenance costs, and vacancies. The illiquidity of real estate makes it a long-term investment, suitable for those who do not need immediate access to their funds.

Regulatory Considerations and Accessibility

Alternative investments typically have fewer regulations compared to traditional investments, making them riskier but also potentially more rewarding. Due to the higher risk and complexity, these investments are generally available only to accredited investors.

An accredited investor is someone with a net worth of over one million dollars (excluding their primary residence) or an annual income of over $200,000 for the past two years, with a reasonable expectation of the same income level in the current year. This requirement is based on the assumption that wealthier individuals can better understand and manage the risks of less regulated investments.

Diversification and Non-Correlation

One of the main reasons investors are drawn to alternative investments is the diversification they offer. Traditional investments like stocks and bonds are often correlated, meaning their values can move together with market conditions. Alternatives, however, tend to be non-correlated assets, meaning their performance does not necessarily follow the same patterns as the stock market.

For instance, the value of real estate or commodities may not drop when the stock market declines, providing a hedge against market volatility. This non-correlation can help smooth out the overall performance of an investment portfolio, reducing risk and potentially enhancing returns.

Potential for High Returns

Alternative investments can offer attractive returns, sometimes outperforming traditional investments. For example, venture capital investments in early-stage companies can yield extraordinary returns if the company succeeds. Early investors in companies like Facebook saw their investments grow significantly when the company went public.

However, it is important to remember that the potential for high returns comes with significant risk. Many alternative investments can be highly speculative, and there is a possibility of losing the entire investment. Therefore, thorough research and understanding of the investment are crucial.

Due Diligence: The Key to Success

Due diligence is essential when considering alternative investments. Investors must thoroughly research and understand the investment, its structure, market conditions, and associated risks. Unlike public companies, which are required to disclose financial information regularly, alternative investments often lack such transparency. This means investors must rely on their own research and the credibility of the investment managers or promoters.

Before committing to an alternative investment, it is crucial to understand the following:

  1. The Nature of the Investment: What exactly are you investing in? Is it real estate, commodities, a private company, or something else?
  2. The Investment Strategy: How does the investment generate returns? What are the underlying assets or business models?
  3. The Risk Factors: What are the potential risks, and how can they impact your investment? Are there any mitigating factors?
  4. The Liquidity: How easily can you exit the investment? What is the timeframe for potential returns?
  5. The Management Team: Who is managing the investment? What is their track record and reputation in the industry?

By addressing these questions, investors can make more informed decisions and avoid potential pitfalls.

Conclusion: Weighing the Pros and Cons

Alternative investments offer a unique opportunity to diversify a portfolio and potentially achieve higher returns. However, they also come with higher risks, less liquidity, and require significant due diligence. They are not suitable for every investor, but for those who meet the criteria and are willing to invest the time and effort to understand them, alternatives can be a valuable addition to their investment strategy.

Next Steps

Are you looking to diversify your portfolio with alternative investments? At Bonfire Financial, we specialize in navigating the complexities of financial planning to help you achieve all your financial goals. Whether you’re seeking comprehensive financial advice or exploring alternative investment strategies, our team is here to support you every step of the way.

Let’s discuss your unique financial situation and create a tailored plan for your future. Schedule a call with us today!  Book here now! 

Backdoor Roth: From Tax Burden to Tax-Free Growth

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The name might sound exclusive or even clandestine, but a Backdoor Roth is simply a powerful financial tool, particularly for high-income individuals seeking tax-savvy savings strategies for retirement. In the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP® unpacks the intricacies of Backdoor Roth IRAs, an often-misunderstood approach to tax-efficient retirement saving. He covers everything from the basics of Roth IRAs to navigating the complexities of Backdoor conversions, offering actionable tips for maximizing wealth-building potential. Whether you’re a high-income earner or simply looking to optimize your retirement savings, this episode provides a comprehensive guide to leveraging a Backdoor Roth IRA.

Understanding Traditional and Roth IRAs

First, let’s establish a foundation by understanding traditional and Roth IRAs. Traditional IRAs allow pre-tax contributions, meaning you don’t pay taxes upfront on the invested amount. However, taxes are deferred until withdrawals in retirement, when they’re taxed as income. In contrast, Roth IRAs involve after-tax contributions; taxes are paid upfront, but growth and withdrawals are tax-free. This provides a significant advantage, especially in the long run.

The Power of Tax-Free Growth

The magic of a Roth IRA lies in its tax-free growth potential. Considering the extended time horizon of retirement planning, funds in a Roth IRA can compound significantly without the drag of taxes. This offers a valuable asset for your golden years. Additionally, the tax benefits extend beyond your lifetime. Roth assets can be passed on to heirs tax-free, providing a lasting financial legacy.

Income Limits and the Backdoor Solution

The IRS sets income limits for people who can directly contribute to a Roth IRA. These limits apply to your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) which is basically your total income minus certain adjustments. If your MAGI exceeds the limit, you can’t contribute directly to a Roth IRA for that year.

Here’s a quick breakdown of the 2024 limits:

Single filers: Cannot directly contribute if MAGI is over $160,000
Married filing jointly: Cannot directly contribute if MAGI is over $240,000 (There’s a phase-out range between $206,000 and $240,000)

This is where the Backdoor Roth IRA strategy comes in.

The Backdoor Roth IRA in Action

The Backdoor Roth strategy involves making after-tax contributions to a traditional IRA and then converting those funds into a Roth IRA. Unlike direct contributions, there are no income limits for Roth conversions, making it an attractive option for high earners to access tax-advantaged savings.

The Pro-Rata Rule: A Potential Hurdle

This is where things get a bit more nuanced. There’s an important caveat – the pro-rata rule. When converting funds from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA, any pre-tax amounts in existing IRAs are factored into the conversion. If a significant portion of your IRA holdings is pre-tax, the conversion will trigger taxes on a proportional basis.

Here’s a simplified example:

  • Let’s say you have a $10,000 pre-tax balance in an existing traditional IRA and make a $5,000 non-deductible contribution for a Backdoor Roth.
  • The total balance in your traditional IRA before conversion is now $15,000.
  • When you convert the entire $15,000 to a Roth IRA, the pro-rata rule kicks in because you have both pre-tax and non-deductible contributions.
  • In this scenario, the non-deductible contribution makes up one-third ($5,000) of the total balance ($15,000). So, one-third of the conversion (or $5,000) would be considered tax-free from your non-deductible contribution.
  • The remaining two-thirds ($10,000) of the conversion would be considered a taxable distribution from your pre-tax contributions. However, since you already paid taxes on this money when you initially contributed it, you wouldn’t owe additional income tax, but you would owe taxes on any earnings those pre-tax contributions generated within the IRA.

Minimizing Tax Implications

For individuals with substantial traditional IRA balances, exploring options to mitigate tax implications, such as rolling over funds into an employer-sponsored 401(k), might be advisable. However, for those without existing IRA balances, the Backdoor Roth presents a compelling opportunity for tax-efficient retirement savings.

Don’t Underestimate Tax-Free Growth

Despite the contribution limits on Roth IRAs, the benefits of tax-free growth shouldn’t be downplayed. Even if contributions are capped, every dollar invested in a Roth IRA has the potential to grow tax-free, providing a valuable asset for retirement. Prioritizing tax-efficient investment vehicles like the Roth IRA can significantly enhance your financial security in retirement.

Seeking Professional Guidance

Navigating the complexities of retirement planning and tax optimization can be overwhelming. Talking to a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ ( CFP®) about a Backdoor Roth IRA can be really beneficial:

Eligibility and Tax Implications: A CFP® can confirm your eligibility for a Backdoor Roth IRA. There are income limits for directly contributing to a Roth IRA, and the Backdoor method is a work-around. A  CFP® can ensure it makes sense for your income level and tax situation.

Pro-Rata Rule: This rule gets tricky. If you already have pre-tax money in a traditional IRA, converting to a Roth triggers taxes on some of it. A  CFP® can help you calculate the tax impact and navigate the pro-rata rule to minimize any tax burden.

Optimizing your plan: The Backdoor Roth might not be the only option. A CFP® can look at your entire retirement picture and suggest the best strategy for your goals. This might include maximizing contributions to other accounts like a 401(k) before considering a Backdoor Roth.

Avoiding Errors: The Backdoor Roth IRA process involves specific steps. A  CFP® can ensure you complete them correctly to avoid issues with the IRS. While you can research the Backdoor Roth IRA yourself, a CFP® brings their expertise and experience to personalize the strategy for you. They can ensure it fits your specific financial situation and helps you reach your retirement goals.

Next Steps

At Bonfire Financial, we specialize in guiding individuals through the intricacies of financial planning. We help you chart a course from your current financial position to your desired retirement lifestyle. Whether you’re exploring the Backdoor Roth or seeking comprehensive financial advice, we’re here to assist you every step of the way.

Let’s schedule a call to discuss your specific situation!  Book here now! 

Streamlining Retirement: Insights into Retirement Account Consolidation

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Do you have a bunch of old retirement plans scattered around? Do you have multiple different IRAs and 401(k)s from past employers? If you are nodding your head yes, then this is for you! In the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP®  dives into the world of retirement account consolidation. We’ll explore the pros and cons of streamlining your accounts, the factors to consider when making a decision, and some key strategies when juggling multiple retirement accounts. 

Why Consolidate Your Retirement Accounts?

It is important to acknowledge the bureaucratic burden of scattered retirement accounts. Imagine the frustration of receiving statements from each past employer’s plan,  trying to decipher fees, and wondering if your investments are aligned with your goals. Here’s how consolidation can help:

  • Simplicity: Having everything in one place makes tracking your progress and managing investments a breeze. No more scrambling through multiple statements.
  • Control: Consolidation empowers you to make informed decisions about your investments with a holistic view of your retirement savings.
  • Reduced Fees: While fees might not be the deciding factor anymore, with some consolidation options, you may find lower expense ratios in your target investment choices.

Things to Consider When Consolidating Accounts:

While consolidation offers clear benefits, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. Here are some crucial aspects to consider before diving in:

  • Investment Options: Compare the investment choices available in your existing accounts with those offered by your target consolidation location (current employer’s plan or IRA). Does the new platform provide the flexibility you need to achieve your investment goals?
  • Fees: While expense ratios have become more competitive, don’t overlook potential fees associated with the consolidation process itself, such as transfer fees or rollover penalties.
  • Tax Implications: Traditional and Roth accounts have different tax implications. Depending on your income level and future tax plans, consolidating into a Roth IRA might not be an option (Brian mentions “backdoor Roth” strategies, but these can be complex and require consulting a financial advisor).

Retirement Account Consolidation Strategies: Choosing the Right Path

Now that you understand the pros and cons, let’s explore some common consolidation strategies:

  • Rollover to Your Current Employer’s Plan: If your current employer’s 401(k) allows rollovers and offers a good selection of investment options with low fees, this might be your best bet. It simplifies your life and potentially reduces fees.
  • Consolidate into an IRA: An IRA offers a wider range of investment options compared to most employer-sponsored plans. This flexibility can be valuable if you have specific investment goals or want to explore alternative asset classes not typically available in a 401(k).

Taking Action: Streamlining Your Retirement Savings

Here are some steps to guide your retirement account consolidation journey:

  1. Gather Information: List all your retirement accounts, including account types (401(k), IRA), current balances, and investment details.
  2. Research Options: Review the investment options and fees associated with your current employer’s plan and potential IRA custodians.
  3. Run the Numbers: Consider potential transfer fees and any tax implications of the consolidation. There are online calculators available to help with this step.
  4. Make a Decision: Based on your research and risk tolerance, choose the consolidation method that aligns best with your goals and financial situation.
  5. Seek Professional Advice: For complex situations or if you’re unsure about any aspect of the consolidation process, consulting with a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™  is highly recommended.

Beyond Consolidation: Building a Personalized Financial Roadmap

 Consolidation is just one piece of the puzzle.  Developing a comprehensive financial plan that considers your income, expenses, retirement goals, and risk tolerance is crucial for a secure financial future.

The Takeaway: Consolidation Can Be Powerful, But Knowledge is Key

Consolidating your retirement accounts can simplify your life and potentially improve your investment returns.  However, it’s important to understand the various factors at play, the potential fees involved, and any tax implications.  By carefully considering your options and potentially seeking professional guidance, you can make an informed decision that empowers you to achieve your retirement goals.


  • Consolidation might not always be the best solution.
  • Always consider fees, tax implications, and investment options before making a move.
  • A personalized financial plan goes beyond consolidation and provides and puts your entire financial life under one roof and gives you the confidence you need to move towards retirement.  

Have questions or need help with retirement account consolidation?

Schedule a FREE consultation with one of our  CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™

The Power of Catch-Up Contributions

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The benefit of aging: Catch-Up Contributions

In the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP®, takes a fresh look at aging – not as a decline, but as a time brimming with opportunities, especially when it comes to building a secure retirement. Brian dives into the often-underutilized benefits of increasing contributions to retirement accounts as you get older, demonstrating how these seemingly small tweaks can significantly impact your financial future.

Leveraging Catch-Up Contributions: A Detailed Look:

One of the perks of aging is the ability to contribute more to retirement accounts like IRAs, 401(k)s, and HSAs. Let’s break down the specifics and explore why maximizing these contributions is crucial.

IRAs and Roth IRAs:  The standard contribution limit for both Traditional and Roth IRAs for 2024 sits at $7,000. However, individuals aged 50 and above are eligible for Catch-up contributions, allowing them to add an extra $1,000, bringing their total contribution to a substantial $8,000. Don’t let high income discourage you; strategies like the backdoor Roth conversion can help you take advantage of these benefits, even if your income exceeds the Roth IRA contribution limits. Here’s a deeper dive into the backdoor Roth conversion:

Backdoor Roth Conversion: A Backdoor Roth is a strategy that involves contributing to a traditional IRA and then converting those funds to a Roth IRA. There are tax implications associated with this conversion, but for those who wouldn’t qualify for a direct Roth IRA contribution due to income restrictions, it can be a valuable way to access the tax-free growth benefits of a Roth IRA in retirement.

Company Plans: Similar benefits exist for company-sponsored plans like SIMPLE IRAs and 401(k)s. Catch-up contributions are available for those over 50, allowing them to significantly increase their contributions and accelerate retirement savings. Let’s explore some additional considerations for company plans:

Employer Matching: Many employers offer matching contributions on employee contributions to retirement plans. This essentially translates to free money for your retirement. Be sure to contribute at least enough to capture your employer’s full match. It’s like leaving free money on the table if you don’t!

Investment Options: Company plans often offer a variety of investment options within the plan. Understanding your risk tolerance and investment time horizon is crucial when choosing how to allocate your contributions within the plan. We recommend seeking guidance from a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ regarding your best investment options.

The Power of Compounding Interest with Your Catch-Up Contributions

Here’s where the magic truly happens: compounding interest. Even seemingly small additional contributions can snowball into a significant sum over time. Consider this: a $1,000 extra contribution to an IRA each year, consistently invested for 15 years with a moderate 6% rate of return, could grow into over $23,000. This is the magic of compounding interest working in your favor. Let’s delve a little deeper into the concept of compounding interest:

Exponential Growth: Compound interest allows your money to grow exponentially over time. Your earnings not only come from your initial contributions but also from the interest earned on those contributions. This creates a snowball effect, accelerating the growth of your retirement savings.

Time is Your Ally: The longer your money is invested, the greater the impact of compounding interest. Starting to contribute to retirement savings early and taking advantage of catch-up contributions later allows you to maximize the power of compounding interest.

HSAs: A Tax-Advantaged Powerhouse – Unveiling the Benefits

The benefits extend beyond traditional retirement accounts. HSAs (Health Savings Accounts), often overlooked in retirement planning, offer additional avenues for saving.  Individuals aged 55 and above can contribute an extra $1,000 on top of the standard limits as of 2024.  Let’s explore the unique advantages of HSAs:

Triple Tax Advantage: HSAs boast a unique “triple tax advantage.” Contributions are tax-deductible, investment earnings grow tax-free, and qualified medical withdrawals are tax-free. This makes HSAs a powerful tool for saving for future medical expenses while minimizing your tax burden.

Portability: HSAs are portable, meaning the funds belong to you, not your employer. You can retain your HSA even if you change jobs, providing long-term financial security for healthcare costs.

Embrace the Silver Lining:

Growing older comes with its challenges, but it also unlocks valuable opportunities to solidify your financial future. By maximizing catch-up contributions and strategically utilizing retirement accounts, you can pave the way for a secure and comfortable retirement. Remember, you’re not alone in this journey. If you have any questions or need guidance on your retirement planning path, don’t hesitate to reach out to The Field Guide. Your financial security is our top priority.

Taking Action:

Catch-Up Contributions are just the start.  Here are some actionable steps you can take today:

  • Schedule a consultation with a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™: Discuss your retirement goals and explore personalized strategies to maximize catch-up contributions and retirement savings.
  • Research retirement account options: Understand the contribution limits, tax implications, and investment options for IRAs, Roth IRAs, 401(k)s, and HSAs.
  • Review your current contributions: Analyze your current contributions to retirement accounts and consider increasing them to take advantage of catch-up provisions.
  • Automate your contributions: Setting up automatic contributions ensures you’re consistently saving towards your retirement goals.

By taking these steps and embracing the opportunities that come with age, you can transform your retirement from a distant dream into a fulfilling reality.

When can I retire? Navigating Retirement

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Are you contemplating retirement? Are you wondering when you can retire?

In the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast, Brian Colvert, CFP® of Bonfire Financial, dives into the complexities of retirement planning and addresses the question we often get asked… When can I retire? From financial considerations to psychological readiness, Brian offers insights to help you navigate this significant life transition.

Psychological Preparedness:

One of the key factors in determining when to retire is psychological readiness. Many individuals tie their identity to their careers, making the prospect of retirement daunting. Brian emphasizes the importance of having a plan in place to alleviate anxiety and uncertainty. Whether it’s traveling, pursuing hobbies, or spending time with loved ones, having a structured schedule can enhance the retirement experience.

Financial Considerations:

While psychological preparedness is crucial, financial planning is equally important. Brian acknowledges the variability in retirement lifestyles, from extravagant globetrotting to simpler pleasures like hiking and local gatherings. Understanding your current expenses provides a baseline for retirement preparedness. Contrary to the popular notion that retirees spend significantly less, Brian suggests that initial retirement years may involve increased spending due to travel and leisure activities.

The 4 Percent Rule:

To estimate retirement income needs, Brian touches on the 4 percent rule—a widely used guideline in financial planning. By dividing the desired income by 4 percent, one can determine the required investment portfolio. While this rule provides a starting point, Brian emphasizes the need for flexibility and ongoing financial planning.

Beyond the Basics:

Retirement planning extends beyond simple calculations. Brian highlights the importance of accounting for factors like healthcare costs, inflation, and unexpected expenses. Collaborating with a financial advisor ensures a comprehensive strategy tailored to individual needs and goals.

Final Thoughts:

Answering the question of “When can I retire?” requires a blend of financial prudence and lifestyle considerations. While the prospect may seem daunting, proactive planning can pave the way for a fulfilling retirement experience.
If you’re seeking personalized guidance or additional resources, don’t hesitate to reach out to us. Our team is dedicated to helping individuals like you achieve their retirement aspirations.

Remember, retirement is not just about reaching a financial milestone—it’s about crafting a life that reflects your values and passions. Start planning today to embark on a retirement journey that’s as rewarding as it is fulfilling.

Get started with your Financial Plan today!

Financial Plan Bonfire Financial

Decoding Bitcoin with Gerry Signorelli

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Decoding Bitcoin with Gerry Signorelli

We often get asked what is Bitcoin all about by our clients, and for good reason. The landscape of cryptocurrency is riddled with terms like “blockchain,” “mining,” “nodes,” and “wallets,” which can be confusing and create a steep learning curve. The underlying technology, though revolutionary, is not always straightforward, leading to questions about how it operates, its value proposition, and its role in the financial ecosystem. 

Gerry Signorelli has immersed himself into the world of Bitcoin, having built and operated a significant Bitcoin mine and integrated the digital currency into his daily life for various purposes, from savings to international transactions.

We were grateful to have Gerry on the most recent episode of The Field Guide Podcast to break down what is Bitcoin. He shares his extensive experience with the cryptocurrency, provides insights on its advantages over other cryptocurrencies, and discusses the essential role of nodes in maintaining the network’s decentralization. Gerry also addresses common concerns about Bitcoin’s security and its future potential, offering a comprehensive view of how Bitcoin operates.

A Journey from Stable Coins to Mining

Gerry’s foray into the financial world began with a quest for a saving mechanism, leading him from the realm of stablecoins to the discovery of Bitcoin. Despite experimenting with other cryptocurrencies, Gerry found his home with the currency, drawn by its fundamental differences, use cases, and the depth of its structure compared to the fleeting allure of ‘shitcoins.’

Why Bitcoin Stands Out

Bitcoin’s appeal lies in its foundational principles – scarcity, decentralization, and the prevention of censorship. Unlike other cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin’s limited supply, coupled with its robust and decentralized verification process, establishes it as a more stable and reliable digital asset. Gerry articulates the journey of money throughout human history, positioning Bitcoin as the latest evolution in this continuum, offering a digital solution to age-old problems of currency debasement and lack of control over personal wealth.

The Intricacies of  Mining

Mining is not just a business for Gerry; it’s a crucial component of Bitcoin’s infrastructure. He delves into the complexities of Bitcoin mining, explaining how it serves as a mechanism for distribution and validation within the network. The process, while energy and capital-intensive, is vital for the creation of new Bitcoins and securing the network against potential attacks.

Understanding Bitcoin Transactions

Transactions in Bitcoin are more than mere financial exchanges; they signify the transfer of control over the digital asset. Gerry discusses how these transactions occur on the blockchain, ensuring transparency and security without the need for intermediary validation.

The Role of Nodes in Decentralization

Brian and Gerry dive into the importance of nodes in the ecosystem. These nodes, which any individual can run, are the backbone of Bitcoin’s decentralization, ensuring that the network remains secure and operates without centralized control. They allow for a democratic verification process that aligns with the ethos of Bitcoin – providing a system where everyone has a say in its operation.

Bitcoin’s Safety and Accessibility

Addressing concerns about Bitcoin’s safety, Gerry outlines the spectrum of ways one can own Bitcoin, from ETFs to cold wallets, each offering different levels of security and convenience. The decentralized nature of Bitcoin, coupled with the ability for individuals to run nodes, ensures that the system remains robust against potential threats.

The Future Outlook

Gerry envisions a bright future for Bitcoin, predicting a significant increase in its value as more people, institutions, and governments recognize its potential. He foresees a world where Bitcoin facilitates freedom of transaction, protects against inflation, and offers a new standard of financial autonomy.

In summary, Gerry Signorelli’s insights into Bitcoin present a compelling narrative of its potential to revolutionize our financial landscape. From its role in savings and transactions to its fundamental principles of scarcity and decentralization, it stands as a beacon of financial innovation in the digital age. As we navigate the complexities of our global economy, Bitcoin offers a promising alternative, challenging traditional financial systems and offering a new paradigm for money in our increasingly digital world.

We hope you enjoyed this episode! Have more questions about Bitcoin or digital currencies? Feel free to reach out to us with any questions!  Be sure to like, review, and subscribe wherever you listen!

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